The Central belief:
There is only one
Allah, and that the Prophet Muhammad was his final
The word Islam comes from aslama
submit), and the one who submits--a Muslim--is a believer
achieves peace, or salaam. God, the creator, is
and omnipresent; to represent God in any form is a sin.
The Prophet Muhammad was born in A.D. 570 and became a merchant
Arabian town of Mecca. At the age of forty, he began to
series of revelations from God transmitted through the
Gabriel. His monotheistic message, which disdained the
that was popularly practiced at the Kaaba (now in the
Mosque and venerated as a shrine of Muslim pilgrimage) in
at that time, was ridiculed by the town's leaders.
his followers were forced to emigrate in 622 to the nearby
of Yathrib, later known as Medina or "the city." This
hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic era. In the ten
before his death in 632, the Prophet continued preaching
receiving revelations, ultimately consolidating both the
and the spiritual leadership of Arabia.
The Quran, the holy scripture of Islam, plays an important role
in Muslim social organization and values. The Quran, which
literally means "reciting," is recognized by believers as
the word of God, and as such it is eternal, absolute, and
irrevocable. The fact that Muhammad was the last of the
and that no further additions to "the word" are allowed is
significant; it closes the door to new revelations.
The word Jihad is from the Arabic
root word JHD which basically means striving or struggle.
In translation, [the] Qur'an
says, "Those who believe, who strive in the cause of God with their
wealth and their persons, are the ones who are successful." So, the
winner is not the human being who overcomes the wrong temptations but the
winner is God in this inner Jihad. If we do not submit to the will
of God then we are submitting to the will of the devil and the winner is
the hunter who overtakes our souls at that moment of wrongdoing.
Jihad, the "striving." : Jihad is often misunderstood in the
West and India,
where people think of it as a fanatical holy war.
The inner Jihad,
which is the Jihad and the most important part of Jihad,
I must say that there are two forces within us operating all the time in
opposite directions. One is inviting us to do good and the other inviting
us to do evil. These opposing forces are trying to take over our hearts
and our minds which have control over our actions to go in their direction.
The inner Jihad is overcoming the forces of evil by the forces of
good and the triumph of one over the other.
An analogy of inner Jihad is in Hinduism ,are controlling the objects for gratification of the
five senses – Kama
(desires), Krodh (anger), Lobh (greed), Moh (attachments) and Ahamkara
(ego). So Hindus are also Inner Jihadis.
there is a tyrant ruler who is oppressing people and one stands up to that
tyrant and says a word of truth against his rule it is also one form of
Jihad is also called "the Holy War". In fact, the word holy war came
from the crusade when this call was made to the crusaders by then the Pope
Urbana to unite them to fight against "infidels" who were occupying the
birth place of Jesus (peace be upon him). Yet, it is true that one form
of Jihad, that is the external form, can be described as taking
up arms in defense of Islam and Muslims when they are attacked by external
forces. But, this form of Jihad can only be declared by a head of
the Islamic state who is a practicing Muslim or a consensus of Islamic
Ulema or Scholars when they agree on a clear-cut threat on Islam
or on Muslims by external forces. If a call for
is made by
a non-practicing Muslim ruler then [the] Muslim masses are not to heed
Tose who fight external Jihad are
mujahidin. The Afghan rebels waging an insurrection
against the Soviet-backed government in the 1980s deftly
this term to identify themselves and hence infused their
with a moral dimension.
Siha and Sunni
About 97 percent of all Pakistanis are Muslims.
documentation states that Sunni Muslims constitute 77
the population and rest around 20% Sihas. Iraq Siha percentage is morethan Sunnis.
There are two major sects, the Sunnis and the Shia, in
They are differentiated by Sunni acceptance of the
authority of the Rashudin Caliphate (Abu Bakr, Omar,
Ali) after the death of the Prophet and the Shia
solely of Ali, the Prophet's cousin and husband of his
Fatima, and his descendants.
Over time, the Sunni sect
into four major schools of jurisprudence; of these, the
school is predominant in Pakistan.
The Shia sect split
matter of succession, resulting in two major groups: the
Twelve Imam Shia believe that there are twelve rightful
Ali and his eleven direct descendants. A second Shia
numerically smaller Ismaili community, known also as
follows a line of imams that originally challenged the
Imam and supported a younger brother, Ismail. The Ismaili
leaders has been continuous down to the present day. The
leader, Sadr ad Din Agha Khan, who is active in
humanitarian efforts, is a direct descendant of Ali.
Islam in India, the start of Hindu-Muslim Conflict and hatreds:
The initial entry of Islam into India came in the first
century after the death of the Prophet Muhammad
The Umayyad caliph in Damascus sent an
expedition to Balochistan and Sindh in 711 led by Muhammad
Qasim (for whom Karachi's second port is named). The
went as far north as Multan but was not able to retain
region and was not successful in expanding Islamic rule to
parts of India. Coastal trade and the presence of a Muslim
in Sindh, however, permitted significant cultural
the introduction into the subcontinent of saintly teachers.
Muslim influence grew with conversions.
Almost three centuries later, the Turks and the Afghans
spearheaded the Islamic conquest in India through the
invasion routes of the northwest. Mahmud of Ghazni
a series of raids against Rajput kingdoms and rich Hindu
and established a base in Punjab for future incursions.
tactics originated the legend of idol-smashing Muslims
plunder and forced conversions, a reputation that persists
India to the present day.
During the last quarter of the twelfth century,
Ghor invaded the Indo-Gangetic Plain, conquering in
Ghazni, Multan, Sindh, Lahore, and Delhi. His successors
established the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, the
Dynasty (mamluk means "slave") in 1211 (however, the Delhi
Sultanate is traditionally held to have been founded in
The territory under control of the Muslim rulers in Delhi
expanded rapidly. By mid-century, Bengal and much of
India was under the Delhi Sultanate. Several Turko-Afghan
dynasties ruled from Delhi: the Mamluk (1211-90), the
(1290-1320), the Tughlaq (1320-1413), the Sayyid
the Lodhi (1451-1526). As Muslims extended their rule into
southern India, only the Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar
immune, until it too fell in 1565. Although some kingdoms
remained independent of Delhi in the Deccan and in
(central India), and Bengal, almost all of the area in
presentday Pakistan came under the rule of Delhi.
The sultans of Delhi enjoyed cordial, if superficial,
relations with Muslim rulers in the Near East but owed
allegiance. The sultans based their laws on the Quran and
the sharia (Islamic law. Based on the Quran and the sunna
(q.v.) with interpretations of Muslim jurisprudence)
and permitted non-Muslim subjects to
practice their religion only if they paid jizya (A tax imposed on non-Muslims in a Muslim state meant to
compensate the state for the protection given to non-Muslims who
are not permitted to serve in the military.)
or head tax. The sultans ruled from urban
centers--while military camps and trading posts provided the nuclei
towns that sprang up in the countryside. Perhaps the
contribution of the sultanate was its temporary success in
insulating the subcontinent from the potential devastation
Mongol invasion from Central Asia in the thirteenth
sultanate ushered in a period of Indian cultural
resulting from the stimulation of Islam by Hinduism. The
resulting "Indo-Muslim" fusion left lasting monuments in
architecture, music, literature, and religion. The
suffered from the sacking of Delhi in 1398 by Timur
but revived briefly under the Lodhis before it was
Then Everyone knows from moderate Babar to fundamentalist Auranjeb.
"What is this religion which we call
Sanatana, eternal? It is the Hindu religion only because the Hindu
nation has kept it, because in this Peninsula it grew up in the
seclusion of the sea and the Himalayas, because in this sacred and
ancient land it was given as a charge to the Aryan race to preserve
through the ages. But it is not circumscribed by the confines of
a single country, it does not belong peculiarly and forever to a
bounded part of the world. That which we call the Hindu religion
is really the eternal Sanatana religion, because it is the universal
religion, which embraces all others. If a religion is not universal,
it cannot he eternal".
"HINDUISM is a relentless pursuit after
truth and if today it has become moribund, inactive, irresponsible
to growth it is because we are fatigued; and as soon as the fatigue
is over, Hinduism will burst forth upon the World with a brilliance
perhaps unknown before. Of course, therefore, Hinduism is the most
tolerant of all religions. Its creed is all religions. Its creed
is all embracing".
Formation of RSS in September,1925
Dr. Hedgewar said often, "Even if the British
leave, unless the Hindus are organised as a powerful
nation, where is the guarantee that we shall be able
to protect our freedom?" His words have proved
to be prophetic. Conjointly with Independence, parts
of Punjab, Bengal, Sindh and the frontier-areas were
sundered from Bharat; and, four and a half decades
after the nation's attaining freedom, Kashmir remains
a thorn in the flesh.
Formation of VHP, August, 1964.
Shri Shiv Shankar Apte invited prominent Hindu
leaders, Dharmacharyas, thinkers for the first Convention at Bombay
for founding the V.H.P. in August, 1964
Text of his letter:
It is proposed to call a convention of representatives
of all sects, faiths and religions, which have arisen, in this land.
All those whether born here in this country or abroad who regard
Bharat as the fountain source of their faiths, religions, culture
and philosophy and worship her as the Motherland and the Holyland,
are intended to be invited to this Vishva Hindu Parishad. Jains,
Buddhists, Sikhs, Vaishnavas, Veer Shaivas -Lingayats and all denominations
falling under the generic term Hindus are being approached with
a request to come together in this first convention of its type.
The urgency is great today because of the sorrowful
conditions to which our nation, which claims a unique and universal
philosophy of life, catholicity and tolerance taught by all our
faiths and religions and the affluence of culture and civilisation,
has fallen in spite of wishful endeavors on the political plane.
The reasons are patent and plain and need no discussion. To usher
a new order satisfying the demands and exigencies of the modern
scientific age are without of course sacrificing our eternal spirit
and soul, our popular leaders and wise thinkers must come together,
deliberate upon the present conditions of our society and prescribe
ways and means to achieve the objective. This used to happen in
this our land since Vedic days. The need is greater to day to discover
the common principles and practices of our maltipotal society and
on their basis to reinforce the abiding unity.
Hindu peoples in Hindusthan and abroad need an awakening
into their essential unity in Philosophy, Religion and Culture.
Establishing a Central Organisation to maintain contacts, to supply
the pure spirit of the Hindu way of life and make it possible for
all from all countries to draw inspiration from the fountain source
of their spiritual heritage is the standing need of our times. Building
up of Hindu solidarity and encouraging the Hindus in other parts
of the world to make their impression on the environments in which
they live, and to enrich the culture of the countries of their adoption
should be the object and function of this Convention and the Centre
which is proposed to be evolved out of it.
The first meeting of the convenors will be held on
August 29 and 30, 1964 in Bombay. The meeting will determine the
name, aims and objects, the venue, time, programmes and functions
etc. of the main convention as well as form the managing committee
and elect its Chairman.
We solicit your approval of the idea and respectfully
invite you to attend the first meeting and give your consent to
join the panel of convenors.
The undersigned proposes to call on you personally
and explain the idea in details. May I, therefore, hope to get an
indication as to when and where I should call on you. A line in
reply will greatly oblige.
Conclusion By Editor
is beyond reasonable doubt that Hinduism , the Sanatana Dharma was the
oldest of all religions. Hinduism believes in "The Universe if our
family". Although the Islam, as a religion is very cool and matured,
the Islamic rulers of past had done tremendous atrocities on
non-Muslims by forcefully converting Hindus to Muslims, By introducing
special taxes for Non-Muslims, by demolishing ancient temples - that
Hindus , over a period of time have developed hatred towards people
When the existence of a race (Hindu) was challenged by Muslim
rulers, this kind of response are normal. Most of the Muslims in India
are converted ones and following five pillars of Islam. The Indian
Independence struggle under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi has given
a chance to unite Hindu and Muslims, but the British Villains had
played politics and divided the country.
The appeasing policy of Congress party for Muslim vote banks which
was eventually Hijacked by Mulayam singh also a divide and rule policy
like British, which was never expected by a political party founded by
the Father of the Nation. This created a rift between Muslims and
Hindus and rise of Saffron forces. The new definition of Islam by
Osama-bin-Laden during the Cold war and post 9/11 , the activities by
SIMI, the politics of RSS/VHP are adding fuel to it.
This article at www.HindToday.com
is a sincere effort to bridge the gap and improve relationship between
worlds two most rival religions. I appeal our fellow Muslim and Hindu
brothers to post their comments and opinions.